T2A1A in Ancient DNA

Recently the kind admins at the U106 forum posted about a DNA data update from David Reich with updated Y haplogroups in it (2019 ISOGG groups). A quick glance at some of the .anno files shows 5 R-Z18 men who seem to be on the R-L257 branch and one R-DF95 man. The data contains both …

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My All-Mother

Image of the Mud Maid from Heligan in Cornwall lovingly borrowed. As I’ve become estranged from my mother as an adult and have become removed from my maternal family in the process, researching my mitochondrial DNA links is a somewhat painful process. Even now, while I write this, inside I’m concerned about what the implications …

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Meaning, Time and the Cages We Make for Ourselves

Continued from Time and the Search for Meaning in DNA. What is the Meaning of This! I want to take a moment to talk about meaning and how we add value to the information we find. One of the first questions a person will ask about DNA results is “What does this mean?”.  You will …

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Time and the Search for Meaning in DNA

The Problem with Time My history teacher in the 8th grade (who shall remain Mr. Baker) said that we have no concept of time. He was the kind of guy I’ve always thought I should be. Well versed in history, pretty physically fit, owned property in the woods that he would clear trails on. He’d …

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Genome Analysis

A bit of a warning here. When analyzing the genome of a person like me, it helps to realize that this is not the genetic analysis of a single person but the combination of everyone I’m related to for several hundred years. Everyone..even the ones I don’t know about. 23 and me provides some of …

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